ASCOMYCETE Photos and Descriptions

There are more fungi that belong in the Ascomycota than in the Basiomycota, but most mushroom hunters ignore all but the most popular edibles such as morels (Morchella species) and truffles. Many are quite small and beautiful, and almost all are saprotrophs: they break down organic matter and make nutrients locked within available to other living organisms. They are called ascomycota because their mechanisms of spore creations and dispersal are unique to all the fungi in this group, whether they appear to be cup fungi or flask fungi. About 40 percent of the ‘ascos’ are the dominant associate of lichens. Lichens, in fact are fungi that have a long term relationship with an algae, along with bacteria and in some cases, a virus.

Not all fungi have common names, and this is why we are using scientific binomials to refer to the various families and species within each family. You can simply click on a name and be brought to the photo and description of each included fungus in the Ascomycota. Remember, if a particular name is in parentheses, that is the older name which you can use to find the fungus in your favorite field guide published before 2016.


ALEURIA____aurantia

ANNULOHYPOXYLON____multiforme

APIOSPORINA____morbosa

ARACHNOPEZIZA____aurelia

ASCOCORYNE____cylichnium____sarcoides

BISPORELLA____citrina

BULGARIA____inquinans

CALOSCYPHA____fulgens

CAMAROPS ____petersii

CHLORENCOELIA____torta____versiformis

CHLOROCIBORIA (See CHLOROSPLENIUM)____aeruginascens

CHLOROSPLENIUM____aeruginascens____chlora____versiformis

CORDYCEPS____capitata (See TOLYPOCLADIUM)_____militaris

CUDONIA____circinans____lutea

DALDINIA____childiae____concentrica

DASYSCYPHUS____virgineus  (See LACHNUM virgineum)

DIATRIPE____stigma____virescens

ELAPHOCORDYCEPS____capitata (See TOLIPOCLADIUM)____ophioglossoides

GALIELLA____rufa

GEOGLOSSUM____fallax

GYROMITRA____gigas (korfii)____ infula____korfii (See G.gigas)

HELVELLA____acetabulum____crispa____lactea____macropus____queletii

HUMARIA____hemisphaerica

HYMENOSCYPHUS____epiphyllus ____fructigenus

HYPOCREA____armeniacus____citrina____gelatinosa____sulphurea

HYPOMYCES____aurantius____chrysospermus____hyalinus____lactifluorum____luteovirens ____microspermus____rosellus

HYPOXYLON____fragiforme

KRETZSCHMARIA (Ustulinia)____deusta

LACHNELLULA____agassizi

LACHNUM____virgineum (DASYSCYPHUS virgineus)

LEOTIA____atrovirens____lubrica____viscosa

MICROGLOSSUM____olivaceum____rufum____viride

MITRULA____elegans

MOLLISIA____ cinerea

MORCHELLA____americana (esculenta)____angusticeps(elata)____diminutiva (tulip)____punctipes (semilibera)

MYCOGONE____rosea

NECTRIA____cinnabarina____episphaeria

NECTRIOPSIS ____violacea

NEOLECTA____irregularis

OPHIOCORDYCEPS___michiganensis,____sp.

ORBILIA____sp.

OTIDEA____alutacea____grandis____leporina____onotica

PACHYELLA____clepeata

PATINELLARIA____sanguinea

PEZIZA____phyllogena (badioconfusa)____repanda____succosa____vesiculosa

PODOSTROMA____alutaceum (See TRICHODERMA aleutaceum)

PROTOCERA____pallida (HYPOCREA pallida)

PSEUDOPLECTANIA____nigrella

SARCOSCYPHA ____occidentalis

SCUTELLINIA___scutellata 

SOWERBYELLA ____unicisa

SPATHULARIOPSIS (SPATHULARIA)____velutipes

SPHAEROSPORELLA____brunnea

TATREA___macrospora

TOLYPOCLADIUM (Elaphocordyceps, Cordyceps) ____capitatum

TRICHODERMA____alutaceum,____harzianum,____viride

TRICHOGLOSSUM____hirsutum____walteri

URNULA____craterium

WYNNEA____americana

XYLARIA____hypoxylon____longipes____polymorpha