ASCOMYCETE Photos and Descriptions

More fungi are in the Ascomycota than in the Basiomycota and they may be evolutionarily much older than the Basidiomycota. Mushroom collectors tend to ignore ascos except for edibles such as morels (Morchella species), the 'Lobster Mushroom' (Hypomyces lactifluuorum) and truffles. Many ascos are quite small and beautiful such as the ‘Eyelash Cup’ (Scutellinia scutellata), and almost all are saprotrophs: their enzymes break down organic matter and make nutrients locked within available to other living organisms. They are called ascomycetes because their mechanisms of spore formation and dispersal are unique to all the fungi in this group, whether they appear to be cup fungi or flask fungi. Ascomycetes are the dominant associate of lichens, although there are also some basidiomycete lichens. In fact lichens are fungi that have had a long term relationship with an algae, along with bacteria and in some cases, a virus.

Not all fungi have common names, and this is why we are using scientific binomials to refer to the various families and species within each family. You can simply click on a name and be brought to the photo and description of each included fungus in the Ascomycota. Remember, if a particular name is in parentheses, that is the older name which you can use to find the fungus in your favorite field guide published before 2018. To make it a bit easier to bind a particular ascomycete, I will use the color GREEN for Cup fungi and BLACK for Flask Fungi.

Scutellinia scutellata 4821

Scutellinia scutellata

ALEURIA aurantia

ANNULOHYPOXYLON (See JACKROGERSELLA) multiforme

APIOSPORINA morbosa

ARACHNOPEZIZA aurelia

ASCOCORYNE cylichnium

____sarcoides

BISPORELLA citrina

BULGARIA inquinans

CALOSCYPHA fulgens

CAMAROPS petersii

CHLORENCOELIA torta

____versiformis

CHLOROCIBORIA aeruginascens

CHLOROSPLENIUM chlora

____versiformis

CHROMELOSPORIUM caerulescens

CORDYCEPS capitata (See TOLYPOCLADIUM)

_____militaris

CUDONIA circinans

____lutea

DALDINIA childiae

____concentrica

DASYSCYPHUS____virgineus  (See LACHNUM virgineum)

DIATRIPE stigma

____virescens

ELAPHOCORDYCEPS capitata (See TOLYPOCLADIUM)

____ophioglossoides (See TOLYPOCLADIUM)

GALIELLA rufa

GEOGLOSSUM____fallax

GYROMITRA gigas (korfii)

____ infula

____korfii (See G.gigas)

HELVELLA acetabulum

____crispa

____lactea

____macropus

____queletii

HUMARIA hemisphaerica

HYMENOSCYPHUS epiphyllus 

____fructigenus

HYPOCREA armeniacus

____citrina

____gelatinosa

____sulphurea

HYPOMYCES aurantius

____chrysospermus

____hyalinus

____lactifluorum

____luteovirens 

____microspermus

____rosellus

HYPOXYLON____fragiforme

ISARIA____farinosa

JACKROGERSELLA (ANNULOHYPOXYLON)____cohaerens____multiforme

KRETZSCHMARIA (Ustulinia)____deusta

LACHNELLULA____agassizi

LACHNUM____virgineum (DASYSCYPHUS virgineus)

LEOTIA____atrovirens____lubrica____viscosa

MICROGLOSSUM____olivaceum____rufum____viride

MITRULA____elegans

MOLLISIA____ cinerea

MORCHELLA americana (esculenta)

____angusticeps(elata)

____diminutiva (tulip)

____punctipes (semilibera)

MYCOGONE____rosea

NECTRIA cinnabarina

____episphaeria

NECTRIOPSIS violacea

NEOLECTA irregularis

OPHIOCORDYCEPS michiganensis

____sp.

____verrucosa

ORBILIA sp.

OTIDEA alutacea

____grandis

____leporina

____onotica

PACHYELLA clepeata

PAECILOMYCES (ISARIA) tenuipes

PATINELLARIA sanguinea

PEZIZA phyllogena (badioconfusa)

____repanda

____succosa

_____varia

____vesiculosa

PODOSTROMA alutaceum (See TRICHODERMA aleutaceum)

PROTOCERA pallida (HYPOCREA pallida)

PSEUDOPLECTANIA nigrella

SARCOSCYPHA occidentalis

SCUTELLINIA scutellata 

SOWERBYELLA unicisa

SPATHULARIOPSIS (SPATHULARIA) velutipes

SPHAEROSPORELLA brunnea

TATRAEA macrospora

TOLYPOCLADIUM (Elaphocordyceps, Cordyceps) capitatum

____longisegimentum

____ophioglossoides

TRICHODERMA alutaceum

____harzianum

____viride

TRICHOGLOSSUM hirsutum

____walteri

URNULA craterium

WYNNEA americana

XYLARIA hypoxylon

____longipes

____polymorpha