GILLED MUSHROOMS: Pale-spored

Gilled mushrooms come in several different shapes, although typically we think of them as cap and stem mushrooms, and have historically called them ‘Agarics’. The gills are thin, fragile, downward-facing plates on which spores are produced within structures called basidia. Some gilled mushrooms do not have much if any stem, such as oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus species) and Crepidotus species. Others, such as Gilled Boletes (Phylloporus species) and Tapinella species are actually more closely related to boletes than to members of the Agaricales. Due to their unique structure consisting of principally spherical cells causing these fruiting bodies to break like chalk, Lactarius, Lactifluus and Russula species are listed in their own category.


To facilitate your search for particular gilled mushrooms, I have divided them into twogeneral groups and distiguished them by whether their spores are pale or light-colored and those that are dark-colored. Light-colored spores can be white, cream, pale to dark yellow, and pink to salmon-pink

To further facilitate finding photos and descriptions of light-spored gilled mushrooms, I have entered their genus names in accordance with whether or not they are 1. TERRESTRIAL, 2. grow from a WOOD, NEEDLE, LEAF, CONIFER CONE or NUT substrate, are 3. PARASITIC ON OTHER FUNGI or are  4. WAXY CAP mushrooms (HYGROPHORACEAE family of the Agaricales order). Many species  have recently been separated into several genera. These fungi generally have thickish, slippery or greasy gills, sometimes the caps and stems are tacky to extremely viscid, and many are quite colorful. Some are white, brown or black. 

Fub factoid: There are more pale or light-spored fungi than there are dark-spored. 

LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM THE GROUND (Terrestrial substrate)

AMANITA____abrupta,____aestivalis,_____albocreata,____atkinsoniana,____banningiana,____bisporigera, ____brunnescens, ____brunnescens var. pallida,___canescens,____citrina (See A. mappa),____ceciliae_(rhacopus), ____cinereopannosa,____cokeri(subcokeri),____crenulata,____daucipes,____elongata,____farinosa,____flavoconia, ____flavorubens,____frostiana,____fulva group,____ jacksonii, ____mappa(citrina),____multisquamosa (panterina), ____muscaria var. guessowei,____onusta,____pachysperma,____pantherina,____parcivolvata,____peckiana, ____phalloides, _____polyporamis,____porphyria,___praecox 32 (no ring),____pseudovolvata,____rasitabula (vaginata  var.alba),_____rhacopus(cecileae),____rhopalopus,____rubescens,____russuloides(ring),____sinicoflava,____spreta,____sturgeonii, ____subcokeri,____submaculata,  _____subsolitaria,____subvolvata,____vaginata group,____velatipes,____virginiana, ____volvata, ____wellsii,_____whetstoneae

CALOCYBE____carnea (See RUGOMYCES carneus)

CANTHARELLULA____umbonata 

CHLOROPHYLLUM (Lepiota)____molybdites,____rhacodes

CLITOCYBE____candicans____clavipes (See AMPULOCLITOCYBE)____dealbata____gibba ____irina____nuda (See LEPISTA)____odora,____robusta,____subconnexa (See LEPISTA),____squamulosa,____trunicola

CLITOCYBE ____gibba

CLITOPILUS____prunulus

COLLYBIA____cirrhata,____tuberosa,____zonata (Crinipellis zonata)

ENTOLOMA____abortivum,____asprellum,____caesiocinctum,____conicum,____formosum,____grande,____griseum,

____luridum,____luteum,____murrayi,____quadratum, ____rhodopolium,____salmoneum, ____serrulatum,____sinuatum,____strictius,____subsinuatum,____umbonatum,____unicolor, ____vernum

LACCARIA____amethystina,____bicolor,____laccata,____laccata var. palidifolia, ____nobilis,____ochropurpurea,____ohiensis, ____proxima,____striatula,____tortilis,____trullissata

LACTARIUS/LACTIFLUUS (See next page)

LEPIOTA____aspera (see ECHINODERMA),____clypeolaria,____cristata,____magnispora

LEPISTA (CLITOCYBE)____irina,____nuda,____subconnexa

LEUCOAGARICUS (LEPIOTA)_____leucothites (naucinus),____naucinus (SEE leucothites),____rubrotinctus

LEUCOCOPRINUS____birnbaumii

LEUCOCYBE (LYOPHYLLUM)____connata

LEUCOPAXILLUS____albissimus,____giganteus

LYOPHYLLUM____connatum(See LEUCOCYBE), ____decastes,______loricatum,____multiforme

MACROLEPIOTA (LEPIOTA)____procera

MELANOLEUCA____alboflavida,____cognata,____melaleuca

NOTHOPANUS _____candissimum (a.k.a. Cheimonophylum candissimum)

PAXILLUS (Boletales) ____involutus

PHYLLOPORUS_____boletinoides___leucomycelinus____rhodoxanthus

PSEUDOCLITOCYBE (CLITOCYBE)____cyathiformis

RUGOMYCES (CALOCYBE)____carneus

RUSSULA (SEE Next page)

TRICHOLOMA____aestuans,____aurantium,____caligatum,____davisiae,____equestre (flavovirens),_____fulvum,

____fumosoluteum,____imbricatum,____magnivelare,____myomyces,____odorum,___palustre,____pessundatum,

____pullum, ____saponaceum,____subluteum,____ suberesplendens, ___subsejunctum,____transmutans,____ustale,____vaccinum,____virgatum


LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM WOOD, MOSS, CONIFER CONES, NEEDLES, LEAVES or NUTS rather than soil

ARMILLARIA____gallica,____mellea,____solidipes (ostoyae),____tabescens(See DESARMILLARIA)

BAEOSPORA____myosura (grows from a conifer cone)

CHEIMONOPHYLLUM _____candissimuim (a.k.a. Nothopanus candissimum)

CLITOCELLA (Rhodocybe)____mundula (popinalis) (binds leaves)

CLITOCYBULA____abundans,___familia,___oculus

CYPTOTRAMA____asprata

DESARMILLARIA____tabescens

ECHINODERMA (Lepiota) ____asperum

FLAMMULINA_____velutipes

GERRONEMA____strombodes

GYMNOPUS (COLLYBIA)____acervatus,_____alkalivirens,____androsaceus,____biformis,____confluens (on conifer litter),____dichrous (on sticks),____dryophila,____dysodes,____foetidus,____lentinoides(See RHODOCOLLYBIA),____luxurians,____semihirtipes,_____spongiosus,_____subnudus (on leaves),____subsulphureus

HOHENBUEHELIA____petaloides,____serotina

HYMENOPELLIS (XERULA)____furfuracea,____megalospora,____rubrobrunnescens

HYPSIZYGUS____marmoreus(tessulatus),____ulmarius

LENTINELLUS____cochleatus,____cohaerens,____ursinus,____vulpinus

LENTINUS (a polypore) ____levis____suavissimus____tigrinus

LEUCOAGARICUS (LEPIOTA)____americanus

LEUCOCOPRINUS____cepaestipes

MARASMIELLUS____praecutus

MARASMIUS____androsaceus,____capillaris,____cohaerans,____delectans,____epiphyllus,____oreades, _____perforans (on conifer needles),____praeacutus  (see MARASMIELLUS), ____pulcherripes (on conifer needles),____rotula,____scorondonius,____siccus (Leaves and sticks),____strictipes (leaves),____sullivantii

MEGACOLLYBIA____rodmanii (platyphylla)

MICROMPHALE____foetidum

MYCENA____acicula,____alcalina,______atkinsoniana,____corticola,______epipterygia,_____galericulata, _______galopus,____haematopus, ____inclinata, ____leaiana,____leptocephala,____luteopallens,____maculata,____pura ‘group’, ____sanguinolenta,____subcaerulea

NEOLENTINUS____lepideus

OMPHALINA____chrysophylla

OMPHALOTUS____illudens

PANELLUS ____serotinus (See HOHENBEUHELIA),____stipticus,____violaceofulvus

PANUS (Polyporales)____conchatus,____neostrigosus

PAXILLUS (Boletales)____atrotomentosa (See TAPINELLA atrotomentosa), ____involutus,____panuiodes

PHYLLOTOPSIS____nidulans

PLEUROCYBELLA____porrigens

PLEUROTUS____dryinus,_____levis,____ostreatus,____populinius,____pulmonarius

PLICATUROPSIS____crispa

PLUTEUS____admirabilis,____americanus (salicinus),____atromarginatus,____aurantiorugosus,____cervinus,_____cervinus var. alba,____flavofuligineus, ____granularis,____leoninus,____longistriatus,____petasatus,____tomentosulus

RESUPINATUS____alboniger,____applicatus,____striatulus

RHIZOMARASMIUS____pyrrhocephalus

RHODOCYBE (See CLITOCELLA)____mundula (popinalis)

RICKENELLA____fibula (in moss)

RHODOCOLLYBIA (COLLYBIA)____butyracea,____lentinoides,____maculata,____maculata var. scorzonera (all in conifer debris)

SCHIZOPHYLLUM____commune

STROBILURIUS____sp.

TAPINELLA (Paxillus)____atrotomentosa

TECTELLA____patellaris

TETRAPYROGUS (Marasmius)____nigripes

TRICHOLOMOPSIS____decora,____rutilans,____sulphurioides

VOLVARIA (See VOLVARIELLA)

VOLVARIELLA (VOLAVARIA)____bombycina,____speciosa

XEROMPHALINA____campanella,____kaufmanii


LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM OTHER FUNGI

ASTEROPHORA____lycoperdoides,____parasitica

PSEUDOAMILLARIELLA (CLITOCYBE)____ectypoides


WAXY CAPS

AMPULLOCLITOCYBE____clavipes

ARRHENIA____epichysium

CHROMOSERA____cyanophylla

CUPHOPHYLLUS (Hygrophorus)____lacmus,____praetensis,____virgineus

GLIOPHORUS (HYGROCYBE, HYGROPHORUS)____irrigatus,____laetus,____perplexus,____psittacinus

GLIOANYTHOMYCES_____nitidus (Hygrocybe nitida),_____vitellinus

HUMIDICUTIS (HYGROCYBE)_____auratocephala,____marginata var. concolor,____marginata var. marginata, ____marginata var. olivacea 

HYGROCYBE____cantharellus,____caespitosa,____chlorphana(flavescens),____coccinea,____conica, ____cuspidata,____miniata,____minutula,____nitrata,____parvula,____persistens,____punicea,____purpureofolius,  ____turunda

HYGROPHORUS____agathosmos,____angustifolius,____camarophyllus,____chrysodon,____eburneus, ____erubescens,____flavodiscus,____fuligineus, ____lacmus (See CUPHOPHYLUS)____russula,____speciosus,____sordidus,____subovinus (see NEOHYGROCYBE),____tennesseensis

NEOHYGROCYBE (HYGRPHORUS)____subovina