GELATINOUS & RUBBERY FUNGI

The term ‘gelatinous’ or ‘jelly’ fungi include fungi that feel like ‘Jello’, but they are not necessarily closely related to each other. In other words, this is a convenient but artificial term for a category of fungi that have this characteristic in common.

With some exceptions, most gelatinous or ‘jelly’ fungi are basidiomycetes in the Auriculales, Dacrymycetales or the Tremellales orders. Those in the Tremellales are parasitic on the mycelium of other fungi within their mutually inhabited wood substrates. Species in the Auriculales and Dacrymycetales are exclusively saprotrophic on decaying wood. Calostoma cinnabarina is somewhat gelatinous and included here for that reason, however it is considered a ‘gasteromycete’ (another artificial category of fungi that have spores enclosed within a peridium), like the puffballs and earth stars. These fungi depend on rain drops, insects or animals to help them disperse their spores. Unlike the other gelatinous fungi included in this category, it is a mycorrhizal fungus related to the boletes.

Auricularia americana (Auricularia auricula) 05964

Auricularia angiospermarum


AURICULARIA____americana (auricula),____angiospermarum,____fuscosuccinea

CALOCERA____cornea,____viscosa

CALOSTOMA (Boletales)____cinnabarinum,____lutescens

DACRYMYCES____chrysospermus (palmatus),____stillatus

DACRYOPINAX____spathularia

DUCTIFERA____pululahuana

EXIDIA____crenata (recisa)____glandulosa____nigricans____nucleata (See MYXARIUM nucleatum)

____recisa (See EXIDIA crenata)

GUEPINIA____helvelloides

GUEPINIOPSIS____alpina____buccina

HELICOGLOEA (Leucogloea)____compressa

HOROMYCES _____aurantiacus

MYXARIUM (Exidia)____nucleatum

PHLEBIA____radiata____tremellosa

PHLOGIOTIS_____helvelloides (See GUEPINIA)

PSEUDOHYDNUM____gelatinosum

RADULOMYCES ____copelandii

SEBACINA____incrustans____schweinitzii____sparassoidea

SYZYGOSPORA____mycetophila

TREMELLA____aurantiacus____foliacea____fuciformis____mesenterica

____reticulata

TREMELLODENRON (See SEBACINA)____schweinitzii (pallida)