157 Spring Mushrooms, Other Fungi and Slime Molds by Dianna Smith


Pluteus cervinus

Except for morels and wine caps, few other fungi which appear in spring are noticed by most mushroom hunters. But there are plenty of wonderful fungi out there for those who care to learn about them. True, most are not high on anyone's list of edibles, and a few are even toxic or potentially deadly. But looking for these fungi, especially after a spring rainfall, gives you a great reason to get out into nature and explore. And there is the bonus of all those wonderful ephemeral wildflowers and bird songs to enjoy!

The following list of mushrooms can be found in the spring in our area of the northeast. This checklist is compiled from the previous 15 years from fungi collected in forests, parks, gardens and lawns in MA, NY, CT, VT and NH. It is important to observe that a few of the fungi listed below are left over from the previous year, particularly soft annual and hard perennial polypores and crusts, as well as old puffballs. Also, there are undoubtedly a host of other fungi (especially very small ascomycetes and crusts) that we didn’t notice or that I was not able to identify. You can expect this list to get longer as the years go by and we are able to recognize more fungi.
Names listed in parentheses are previously accepted names for fungi, the descriptions of which can be found in most field guides.
Photos of these all of the listed fungi can be found at www.fungikingdom.net
 under FUNGI PHOTOS & DESCRIPTIONS

ASCOMYCETES

  1. Aleuria aurantia
  2. Annulohypoxylon fragiforme (Hypoxylon fragiforme)
  3. Annulohypoxylon multiforme (Hypoxylon cf multiforme)
  4. Arachnopeziza auralea
  5. Calocypha fulgens
  6. Chlorociboria aeruginascens
  7. Chlorosplenium chlora
  8. Daldinia chidiae (D. concentrica)
  9. Diatrype stigma
  10. Gyromitra korfii
  11. Helvella macropus 
  12. Helvella queletii
  13. Hypocrea sp.
  14. Kretzschmaria deusta (Ustilina deusta)
  15. Lachnum virgineum (Dasyscyphus virgineus)
  16. Mitrula elegans
  17. Mitrula lunatospora
  18. Mollisia cinerea
  19. Morchella angusticeps (M. alata)
  20. Morchella diminutiva
  21. Morchella americana (M. esculenta)
  22. Morchella punctipes (M. semlibera)
  23. Peziza phyllogena (P. badioconfusa)
  24. Peziza repanda
  25. Peziza succosa
  26. Pseudoplectania nigrella
  27. Sarcoscypha occidentalis
  28. Scutellinia scutellata
  29. Vibrissea truncorum
  30. Xylaria hypoxylon
  31. Xylaria polymorpha

GILLED MUSHROOMS

  1. Agrocybe dura
  2. Agrocybe pediales
  3. Agrocybe praecox
  4. Amanita amerifulva (prov. name)
  5. Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
  6. Chromosera cyanophylla
  7. Coprinellus micaceus (Coprinus micaceus)
  8. Coprinellus laniger
  9. Coprinopsis atramentarius (Coprinus atramentarius)
  10. Coprinopsis lagopus
  11. Coprinus comatus
  12. Crepidotus applanatus
  13. Crepidotus crocophyllus
  14. Entoloma strictius
  15. Entoloma vernum
  16. Flammulina velutipes
  17. Galerina marginata
  18. Gymnopilus sapineus
  19. Gymnopus alkavirens (Collybia alkavirens)
  20. Gymnopus dryophilus (Collybia dryophila)
  21. Gymnopus semihirtipes
  22. Hymenopellis furfuracea (Xerula furfuracea)
  23. Hymenopellis megalospora (Xerula megalospora)
  24. Infundibulicybe squamulosa 
  25. Lacrymaria velutina (Psathyrella velutina)
  26. Lyophyllum decastes
  27. Marasmiellus praeacutus
  28. Marasmius rotula
  29. Megacollybia rodmanii (Tricholomopsis platyphylla)
  30. Melanoleuca alboflavida
  31. Micromphale foetidum
  32. Mycena sp.
  33. Mycena haematopus
  34. Mycena leaiana
  35. Mycena sanguinolenta
  36. Mycena subcaerulea
  37. Neolentinus lepideus (Lentinus lepideus)
  38. Panaeolina foenesecii
  39. Panellus stipticus
  40. Panellus violaceofulvus
  41. Parasola plicatilis
  42. Pholiota aurivella
  43. Pholiota granulosa
  44. Pholiota limonella
  45. Pleurotus ostreatus
  46. Pleurotus pulmonarius
  47. Pluteus cervinus
  48. Psathyrella candoleana
  49. Psathyrella hydrophila
  50. Psathyrella rugocephala
  51. Resupinatus applicatus
  52. Rhizomarasmius pyrrocephalus (Marasmius pyrrhocephalus)
  53. Russula atropurpurea
  54. Schizophyllum commune
  55. Stropharia hardii
  56. Stropharia rugosoannulata
  57. Tectella patellaris
  58. Tubaria furfuracea

CORALS

  1. Artomyces pyxidata (Clavicorona Pyxidata)

GASTEROMYCETES

  1. Lycoperdon pyriforme

POLYPORES

  1. Cerioporus squamosus (Polyporus squamosus)
  2. Cerioporus varius (Polyporus varius)
  3. Coltricia montagnei (var. greenei)
  4. Cryptoporus volvatus
  5. Daedaleopsis confragosa
  6. Fomes fomentarius
  7. Ganoderma applanatum 
  8. Ganoderma lucidum (Ganoderma sessile)
  9. Ganoderma tsugae
  10. Gloeoporus dichros
  11. Hymenochaetopsis olivacea (Hydnochaete olivacea)
  12. Inonotus glomeratus
  13. Inonotus obliquis
  14. Irpex lacteus
  15. Ischnoderma resinosum
  16. Laetiporus sulphureus
  17. Neofavoulus alveolaris (Favolous alveolaris)
  18. Oxyporus populinus
  19. Panus conchatus (Lentinus torulosus) 
  20. Panus neostrigosus (Lentinus strigosus)
  21. Phellinus robiniae (P. rimosus)
  22. Picipes badius (Royoporus badius, Polyporus badius) 
  23. Polyporus leptocephalus (Polyporus elegans)
  24. Polyporus umbellatus
  25. Porodisculus pendulus
  26. Pycnoporus cinnabarinus
  27. Trametes betulina (Lenzites betulina)
  28. Trametes conchifer
  29. Trametes gibbosa
  30. Trametes hirsuta
  31. Trametes versicolor
  32. Trichaptum biforme
  33. Tyromyces chioneus

CRUSTS and PARCHMENT FUNGI

  1. Ceriporia spissa
  2. Hymenochaete rubiginosa 
  3. Hyphodontia quercina
  4. Hyphodontia cf. sambuci
  5. Phanerochaete chrysorhiza
  6. Phlebia radiata
  7. Pseudochaete corrugata (Hymenochaete aggluntinans)
  8. Pseudochaete olivacea (Hymenochaete olivacea)
  9. Pseudochaete tabacina (Hymenochaete rubiginosa)
  10. Stereum complicatum
  11. Stereum hirsutum
  12. Stereum ostrea
  13. Xylobolus frustulatus

JELLIES

  1. Auricularia americana (A. auricula)
  2. Exidia glandulosa
  3. Exidia nigricans
  4. Exidia recisa
  5. Dacrymyces chrysospermus (D. palmatus)
  6. Dacrymyces stillatus
  7. Myxarium nucleate (Exidia nucleata)
  8. Tremella foliacea
  9. Tremella mesenterica

TOOTHED

  1. Hericium erinaceus

MYXOMYCETES

  1. Arcyria cinerea
  2. Arcyria denudata
  3. Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  4. Enteridium lycoperdon
  5. Fuligo septica
  6. Linbladia tubulina
  7. Lycogala epidendrum
  8. Lycogala terrestre
  9. Metatrichia vesparium
  10. Stemonitis sp.
  11. Tubifera ferruginosa